Salud del suelo

Autor: 
Anaité Carolina Herrera Ramos
Fecha: 
16 / 04 / 2021

Es un reto permanente, la sustentabilidad de la humanidad en nuestro planeta y, el suelo es un componente clave para alcanzarla.

Para llegar a suministrar alimentos en las cantidades que demanda la población humana, es necesario aumentar la productividad en los sistemas agrícolas. Un elemento indispensable para cumplir con ese objetivo es la capacidad de los suelos, de sostener el desarrollo y la producción de cultivos.

Salud del suelo es sinónimo de “calidad del suelo”, el Servicio de Conservación de Recursos Naturales del Departamento de Agricultura de los Estados Unidos (USDA NRCS) define este término como:

“Capacidad continua de un suelo de funcionar como ecosistema vital, que pueda sustentar plantas, animales y humanos”.

El concepto de salud del suelo se refiere a la dinámica de las propiedades físicas, químicas y biológicas que cambian como consecuencia de uso y manejo de los suelos por el ser humano.

La salud del suelo es dinámica, las prácticas culturales pueden mejorar o deteriorar la misma. Un suelo sano cumple funciones que son críticas para la producción agrícola tales como:

  • Infiltración de agua y almacenamiento de aire y agua.
  • Retención y reciclamiento de nutrientes.
  • Supresión de enfermedades y malezas.

Es de beneficio económico para los agricultores mantener y mejorar la salud del suelo, dado que se reduce el riesgo de bajos rendimientos asociados a compactación, lluvias copiosas, sequías y brotes de enfermedades.

Las características de un suelo sano son:

  • Estructura friable que permita intercambio de aire y agua
  • Suficiente profundidad
  • Alta población de organismos benéficos
  • Disponibilidad de nutrientes
  • Baja población de patógenos y plagas
  • Buen drenaje
  • Baja presión de malezas
  • Libre de sustancias tóxicas para el cultivo
  • Resistencia a degradación (erosión, exceso de precipitación pluvial, sequía extrema, compactación por maquinaria etcétera).
  • Resiliencia (rápida recuperación de eventos adversos).

A través de los años, se ha puesto atención en entender la importancia que los factores químicos y físicos tienen sobre la productividad de los suelos, sin embargo, recientemente se ha manifestado la necesidad de también comprender los factores biológicos y la biología del suelo. La gestión de las propiedades biológicas es vital para el manejo integral del suelo, y así asegurar la productividad y sostenibilidad de la agricultura.

La adición de enmiendas orgánicas y microorganismos o metabolitos de microorganismos benéficos mejoran la estructura, aumentan la capacitad de retención de humedad y de intercambio gaseoso para el desarrollo de raíces sanas, así como restringen el crecimiento de patógenos.

Los productores pueden incrementar la salud de sus suelos identificando cambios en el manejo que se pueden hacer para mejorar las propiedades biológicas, físicas y químicas en los mismos.

En general, las prácticas agrícolas que mejoran la salud del suelo son:

  • Labranza de conservación: Se refiere a perturbar lo menos posible el suelo.
  • Adición de enmiendas orgánicas.
  • Adición y conservación de poblaciones de microorganismos benéficos que participan en la mineralización de material orgánica.
  • Adición de enmiendas químicas si son necesarias, tales como encalado o aplicaciones de azufre.
  • Rotación de cultivos
  • Mantener el suelo protegido: No dejar el suelo desnudo para evitar erosión y pérdida de humedad.

 

Se puede concluir que la salud del suelo es fundamental para una agricultura regenerativa y sustentable.

Derecha

Comentarios

как выиграть диспут на гидре <a href="https://hydradarkmarket.com/ ">зайти на гидру через браузер </a> <a href="https://hydradarkmarket.com/ ">что такое тайник на гидре </a>
как правильно заходить на гидру <a href="https://hydradarkmarket.com/ ">как зайти на гидру с телефона </a> <a href="https://hydradarkmarket.com/ ">гидра нарко это </a>
dark market onion <a href="https://darkmarketsonion.com/ ">darknet market list </a> https://darkmarketsonion.com/ - darknet market
darknet markets <a href="https://darkmarketsonion.com/ ">dark market onion </a> https://darkmarketsonion.com/ - best darknet markets
Выключая никто не писал статью для тему образования в России самостоятельно внятно и понятно. Главенство использования готовых домашних заданий изложена в подробной статье в блоге известного автора. Предлагаю перейти соразмерно ссылке <a href=http://kestos.tmweb.ru/club/user/1775/blog/>http://kestos.tmweb.ru/club/user/1775/blog/</a> и узнавать с основными тезисами статьи. Коли кому- то переставать интересно, дозволительно пообщаться ради тему современного школьного среднего образования онлайн.
dark web market <a href="https://cryptodarknetmarkets.com/ ">dark web sites </a> [url=https://mydarknetmarkets.com/ ]dark market 2022 [/url]
dark web link <a href="https://cryptodarknetmarkets.com/ ">dark web market list </a> [url=https://mydarknetmarkets.com/ ]darknet markets [/url]
<a href=https://parboaboa.com/biodata-bulan-sutena>bulan sutena</a>
New super hot photo galleries, daily updated collections http://concrete.threesome.porn.jsutandy.com/?julianne oedipus porn tube mommy sedused me porn wc2 spy porn stolen porn from birmingham england teen who love anal sex porn
http://slkjfdf.net/ - Osurlo <a href="http://slkjfdf.net/">Ecidizo</a> svk.qtrw.precisagro.com.wbj.xw http://slkjfdf.net/
гидра адрес <a href="https://hydradarkmarket.com/ ">рабочие зеркала гидры </a> <a href="https://hydradarkmarket.com/ ">ссылка на сайт гидра </a>
адрес гидры онион <a href="https://hydradarkmarket.com/ ">гидра onion </a> <a href="https://hydradarkmarket.com/ ">ссылка на гидру онион </a>
Crossdresser true sport Lesbians cleaning toilet webcam joi Japanese mom wants son redtube slave licking his shemale after toilet Homemade wife breeding Worship fat feet Wendy james is trained to please Ebony femdom strapon pov dirty talk
Custom annotated bibliography writing services http://www.lenty.ru/gobest.html?https://essaypro.me/ UYhjhgTDkJHVy
Hardcore Galleries with hot Hardcore photos http://floodwoodpornarchivehdtv.alypics.com/?yuliana is there a met art porn free gay batino porn free futanari hentai porn video clips comedy porn movie tubes koffe kakes porn vids
Browse over 500 000 of the best porn galleries, daily updated collections http://lesbian.porn.elmwood.place.miyuhot.com/?darby free amatuer porn home video ben ten anime porn face sitting compilation porn tube free illinois amature porn desi girls free porn
darknet market <a href="https://darknet-marketspro.com/ ">darknet markets </a> https://darknet-marketspro.com/ - dark web market
darknet market links <a href="https://darknet-marketspro.com/ ">dark market link </a> https://darknet-marketspro.com/ - dark market list
hydroxychloroquine vs chloroquine hydroxychloroquine vs chloroquine
dark markets 2022 <a href="https://alldarknetmarkets.com/ ">darknet market links </a> https://alldarknetmarkets.com/ - dark market url
darknet market <a href="https://alldarknetmarkets.com/ ">darknet market links </a> https://alldarknetmarkets.com/ - dark markets 2022
Its like you learn my mind! You seem to grasp a lot about this, such as you wrote the ebook in it or something. I think that you can do with a few % to force the message house a bit, but other than that, this is fantastic blog. An excellent read. I'll certainly be back. Also visit my webpage - ____________ - http://api.wikin.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=916062
Its like you learn my mind! You seem to grasp a lot about this, such as you wrote the ebook in it or something. I think that you can do with a few % to force the message house a bit, but other than that, this is fantastic blog. An excellent read. I'll certainly be back. Here is my page: ____________ - http://api.wikin.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=916062
dark web market list <a href="https://darkmarketsonion.com/ ">darknet market links </a> [url=https://darkmarketsonion.com/ ]darkmarket [/url]
darkmarket 2021 <a href="https://darkmarketsonion.com/ ">darknet market </a> [url=https://darkmarketsonion.com/ ]dark web market list [/url]
darkmarket 2022 <a href="https://darkmarketsurls.com/ ">dark web market list </a> https://darkmarketsurls.com/ - darkmarket url
darkmarket 2021 <a href="https://darkmarketlinkspro.com/ ">darkmarket link </a> https://darkmarketlinkspro.com/ - darkmarket 2022
I think the admin of this web page is genuinely working hard for his site, for the reason that here every data is quality based data. My web page: https://xn--m3ce4bjmct1evi.net/ - https://seefar.us/home.php?mod=space&uid=24480&do=profile&from=space
I think the admin of this web page is genuinely working hard for his site, for the reason that here every data is quality based data. Take a look at my page; https://xn--m3ce4bjmct1evi.net/ - https://seefar.us/home.php?mod=space&uid=24480&do=profile&from=space
darkmarket <a href="https://darkmarketsurls.com/ ">dark web market links </a> https://darkmarketsurls.com/ - darkmarket 2022
darknet market <a href="https://darkmarketlinkspro.com/ ">dark web markets </a> https://darkmarketlinkspro.com/ - darkmarket 2021
Attractive component to content. I simply stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I get actually enjoyed account your weblog posts. Any way I'll be subscribing to your feeds or even I fulfillment you access consistently quickly. Stop by my web page; Singaporepool Odds ( Sgpools104889704.Wordpress.Com - https://sgpools104889704.wordpress.com/2021/11/19/how-many-cards-do-you-get-in-horse-racing/ )
I like the helpful info you provide in your articles. I will bookmark your blog and check again here frequently. I am quite sure I'll learn many new stuff right here! Best of luck for the next! my homepage ... https://xn--m3ce4bjmct1evi.net/ - http://www.0737.live/home.php?mod=space&uid=256317&do=profile&from=space
I like the helpful info you provide in your articles. I will bookmark your blog and check again here frequently. I am quite sure I'll learn many new stuff right here! Best of luck for the next! My web blog ... https://xn--m3ce4bjmct1evi.net/ - http://www.0737.live/home.php?mod=space&uid=256317&do=profile&from=space
давалки орла https://davalka.pro/ давалки барнаула залупа пенис хер давалка текст https://davalka.pro/categories/%D0%9A%D1%83%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%BB%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B3%D1%83%D1%81/ <a href=http://w.100tw.com/w/GBOOK/default.asp>смотреть порно пьяные зрелые</a> <a href=https://visioncriticalcreative.prevue.it/p/j5b/#comments>скачать бесплатно порно жмж</a> <a href=https://kiaklub.dk/viewtopic.php?f=18&t=18787>ютуб порно молодые</a> <a href=http://www.dippiesrc.co.za/2020/11/17/hello-world/#comment-1324>смотреть немецкое порно</a> <a href=https://erinmagazine.com/how-to-create-and-set-up-your-own-shopify-store/#comment-19089>порно фото большие члены</a> <a href=https://foryoursmile.blog.ss-blog.jp/2022-01-07?comment_success=2022-01-11T08:58:18&time=1641859098>порно видео ебут большими</a> <a href=http://veterinariadelcaribe.mex.tl/?gb=1#top>домашнее порно жену в попу</a> <a href=https://sylvia-gerber.com/apps/guestbook/>порно сильный оргазм девушки</a> <a href=https://ebalim.com/polen-ve-faydalari#comment-1739>смотреть порно большие мамочки</a> <a href=http://runali.or.tz/edit_aboutus.php>порно с животными онлайн</a> 9cebe8f
Yes! Finally something about football today. Here is my website - เผยเทคนิคแทงบอลเต็งอย่างไรให้เข้า - https://www.sbobetclub168.com/%e0%b9%80%e0%b8%9c%e0%b8%a2%e0%b9%80%e0%b8%97%e0%b8%84%e0%b8%99%e0%b8%b4%e0%b8%84%e0%b9%81%e0%b8%97%e0%b8%87%e0%b8%9a%e0%b8%ad%e0%b8%a5%e0%b9%80%e0%b8%95%e0%b9%87%e0%b8%87%e0%b8%ad%e0%b8%a2%e0%b9%88/
Yes! Finally something about football today. Stop by my web site - เผยเทคนิคแทงบอลเต็งอย่างไรให้เข้า - https://www.sbobetclub168.com/%e0%b9%80%e0%b8%9c%e0%b8%a2%e0%b9%80%e0%b8%97%e0%b8%84%e0%b8%99%e0%b8%b4%e0%b8%84%e0%b9%81%e0%b8%97%e0%b8%87%e0%b8%9a%e0%b8%ad%e0%b8%a5%e0%b9%80%e0%b8%95%e0%b9%87%e0%b8%87%e0%b8%ad%e0%b8%a2%e0%b9%88/
I visited multiple websites however the audio quality for audio songs existing at this web site is really marvelous. my blog; M88 M Thể Thao - https://m88betasiasport1.Mystrikingly.com/
dark web sites <a href="https://darknet-marketspro.com/ ">darknet market lists </a> [url=https://darknet-marketspro.com/ ]dark market onion [/url]
darkmarket list <a href="https://darknet-marketspro.com/ ">dark markets 2022 </a> [url=https://darknet-marketspro.com/ ]dark market 2022 [/url]
dark web link <a href="https://darkmarketlinkspro.com/ ">best darknet markets </a> [url=https://darkmarketlinkspro.com/ ]darknet market links [/url]
dark market list <a href="https://darkmarketsurls.com/ ">darknet market lists </a> [url=https://darkmarketsurls.com/ ]dark web link [/url]
dark web market <a href="https://darkmarketlinkspro.com/ ">darkmarket list </a> [url=https://darkmarketlinkspro.com/ ]dark market link [/url]
darknet market <a href="https://darkmarketsurls.com/ ">darknet market links </a> [url=https://darkmarketsurls.com/ ]darkmarket 2021 [/url]
Girls of Desire: All babes in one place, crazy, art http://okemosamatureaporn.alypics.com/?kacie ssbbw porn free for iphone free stream videos porn free rehead poren sites nger flah porn how to get illegal teen porn
Do you have a spam issue on this website; I also am a blogger, and I was curious about your situation; we have developed some nice procedures and we are looking to trade strategies with other folks, why not shoot me an e-mail if interested. Also visit my blog post soi keo cambongda ( https://datingblogonlinee.Blogspot.com/2021/08/things-to-know-before-playing-football.html - https://datingblogonlinee.Blogspot.com/2021/08/things-to-know-before-playing-football.html )
Do you have a spam issue on this website; I also am a blogger, and I was curious about your situation; we have developed some nice procedures and we are looking to trade strategies with other folks, why not shoot me an e-mail if interested. Also visit my website: soi keo cambongda ( https://datingblogonlinee.Blogspot.com/2021/08/things-to-know-before-playing-football.html - https://datingblogonlinee.Blogspot.com/2021/08/things-to-know-before-playing-football.html )
dark web sites <a href="https://alldarknetmarkets.com/ ">darkmarket </a> [url=https://alldarknetmarkets.com/ ]darknet market lists [/url]
dark web markets <a href="https://alldarknetmarkets.com/ ">dark web sites </a> [url=https://alldarknetmarkets.com/ ]dark market 2021 [/url]
Browse over 500 000 of the best porn galleries, daily updated collections http://bryson.citymp4amateurporn.danexxx.com/?jamie ransom the porn movie gay porn dvds buy lesbian anime porn pics free teen celebrity porn free porn dowmloads

Páginas

Añadir nuevo comentario